October 5, 2022
Posted by: Explore Middle East FZE

7 major differences between Chinese steel and Indian steel

When you hear about made in China products, you understand less lead time, good manufacturing capacity, and low order quantity. Of course, China, an emerging economy, will offer you a great deal at a low price. Generally speaking, Chinese manufacturers can meet high market demands.

Post-COVID, you see the steel demand became low. So many stockists had excess stock on their hands. The material started rusting because many manufacturers use non-homogeneous alloys. One example is A335 Grade P11 material which cannot be stored for a long in stockyards.

7 major differences between Indian and Chinese Steel

  • Production capacity of steel
  • Quality & Standards
  • Labor cost
  • Impact of excess capacity
  • Price
  • Export
  • Manufacturing Technology

Compare Chinese steel quality with Indian steel manufacturers, know the steel production growth of India

Steel PipesFuture of Indian Steel and Iron Ore Companies

As per the recent report of SteelMint, Indian iron ore companies increased their production in Year 2023 which is notable.

Top steel producing states in IndiaHowever, there are many challenges in front of steel producers such as shortage of skilled manpower & latest technology. Europe, Japan and South Korea are one among them who use latest technologies to produce and test piping materials.

Check the largest steel producers in India, also complete list of Indian steel standard at a glance

Properties and features of Indian Steel VS Chinese Steel

Indian steel manufacturers follow a specific set of standards which includes ASTM, ASME, DIN, IBR and many others. Unlike us, the Chinese have a nonhomogeneous chemistry. So, alloy properties don’t entirely cooperate with its application. They face embrittlement and crack. However, not all Chinese suppliers offer non-homogenous steel.

Some manufacturers have excellent infrastructure and better process control. Hence, for them, the components have better thickness and flatness tolerances. Indian steel offers better corrosion resistance properties and high tensile strength.
Chinese steel has no fixed elemental composition, making the price low. Indian producers offer various test certificates to ensure properties, chemical composition, and specification.

Most alloying elements like molybdenum, nickel, and chromium are expensive. When include them in the alloy, the price would expectedly see – a significant upcharge. The quality of steel piping products matter upon origin of raw material and weight of finished products. When you compare the price of Indian and Chinese steel manufacturers you should also compare value added services, origin of material, testing certificates, third party inspection, and weight of the products.

List of Indian Standard (BIS)


Indian Standard (BIS) Logo

  • IS 2062 Steel Plate (Hot Rolled)
  • IS 1079 & IS 10748 Carbon Steel Sheet (Hot Rolled)
  • IS 513 low carbon steel sheets
  • IS 8500 High tensile steel plates
  • IS 11587 Steel Tubes
  • IS 1977 Steel Tubes
  • IS 4923 Hollow sections
  • IS 2062 E250 Carbon Steel Plate
  • IS 3589 Steel Pipes

Top 5 steel producing companies in India

  • Tata Steel
  • JSW Steel
  • AMNS
  • JSPL
  • SAIL

Why is Chinese steel so cheap?

Unlike in India, Chinese labour is abundant. Their production capacity is far greater than in several developing countries. Hence, its overhead charges are low. They can meet high volume demand in a small-time frame. Also, the manufacturers can produce the products as per your budget in different qualities which can save your cost.

List of Chinese GB Standard


GB Standard Logo

  • GB/T 700/ 3077/ 5216 structural steel
  • GB/T 1591 HSLA steel
  • GB/T 711 CS Plates & Sheets (Hot-rolled)
  • GB/T 11263 section
  • GB/T 1220 SS bar
  • GB/T 14975 stainless steel seamless tube
  • GB/T 14976 stainless steel seamless pipe
  • GB/T 17107