Density of carbon steel and mild steel:

Carbon steel and mild steel are popular steel alloys, each with distinct properties. Carbon steel’s density, determined by carbon content, ranges from 7.75 to 8.05 g/cm3 or 0.280 to 0.291 lb/in3. This influences its strength, hardness, and ductility. Mild steel, or low carbon steel, has a lower carbon content, resulting in a density of steel of approximately 7.85 g/cm3 or 0.284 lb/in3. The reduced carbon content makes mild steel more ductile and easier to work with, but it has lower strength and hardness. Both materials are used in construction, automotive, and manufacturing industries for various applications.

Steel density comparison chart:

Density of steel The steel density lb/in3 can be presented below.

Steel Name Density (g/cm3) Density (lb/in3)
AISI 1020 7.87 g/cm3 0.284 lb/in3
AISI 1045 7.85 g/cm3 0.283 lb/in3
AISI 1018 7.87 g/cm3 0.284 lb/in3
ASTM A36 7.85 g/cm3 0.283 lb/in3
C45 7.85 g/cm3 0.283 lb/in3
S45C 7.85 g/cm3 0.283 lb/in3
AISI 1045 7.85 g/cm3 0.283 lb/in3
AISI 1010 7.87 g/cm3 0.284 lb/in3
  • Density of carbon steel lb in3 (plain): 7.75 to 8.05 g/cm3 or 0.280 to 0.291 lb/in3
  • Low Carbon Steel (Mild Steel): 7.85 g/cm3 or 0.284 lb/in3
  • Density of mild steel in g cm3: 7.75 to 8.05 g/cm3 or 0.280 to 0.291 lb/in3
  • High Carbon Steel: 7.75 to 8.05 g/cm3 or 0.280 to 0.291 lb/in3

Understanding the relationship between density and carbon steel properties:

Carbon steel’s density is closely tied to its carbon content, which affects its mechanical properties. A higher carbon content leads to denser steel with increased strength and hardness, but also greater brittleness and reduced ductility. Conversely, steel with lower carbon content is less dense, more ductile, and easier to work with, but it has lower strength and hardness. Understanding the relationship between the density of steel lb/in3 and carbon steel properties is essential for selecting the appropriate material for specific applications, ensuring optimal performance and structural integrity.

Is there any formula to measure the density of carbon steel lb/in3?

There isn’t a specialized formula available to determine the density of carbon steel in lb/in3. However, the general formula for density – mass divided by volume (density = mass/volume) can be used for this purpose. By multiplying the value of carbon steel density kg m3 by 0.036127, which is the conversion factor between g/cm3 and lb/in3, the density value in lb/in3 can be obtained. Hence, calculating carbon steel density in lb/in3 involves using the general formula to determine density and then converting it to the desired units using the conversion factor. This method provides a convenient way to calculate steel density in various units as per project requirements.

7 reasons that can affect carbon steel properties:

There are several factors that can impact the steel density and the properties of carbon steel. The factors include

  • its carbon content,
  • impurities such as sulfur and phosphorus,
  • grain size and structure,
  • heat treatment processes,
  • the presence of alloying elements,
  • manufacturing processes and mechanical working, and
  • cooling rates during solidification.

Introduction about the blogger:

Nagappa Gani
The person referred to as Nagappa Gani is a highly experienced expert in the steel industry, with extensive knowledge and expertise in alloys and their practical applications. Nagappa Gani is enthusiastic about imparting their knowledge to others and assisting them in making well-informed choices when choosing materials for their projects.