Titanium tube

Titanium tube

What is a titanium tube?

Many industries turn to titanium for strength and corrosion resistance. It exhibits excellent tensile strength and offers a unique density. The heat transfer properties of a titanium tube, especially the melting point, are also superior. It is a lustrous metal obtained by reducing tetrachloride. Since the material forms a protective oxide layer, it can resist corrosion. The material is light but strong and highly coveted by many industries.
A titanium seamless tube gets regularly used in critical and high-performance sectors like chemical processing, aircraft systems, marine industries, and medical equipment. You can also find it in offshore drilling and subsea components.

Titanium tube sizes, dimensions, and specification

Titanium Tube Specification

Titanium Tube Properties

Titanium Tube Mechanical Properties

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How strong is titanium tubing?

It is a strong material that is also surprisingly light. The tensile strength of commercial-grade titanium can be about 434 Mpa or 63,000 psi. It is also doubly as elastic as steel, which makes it flexible and less likely to break or crack. You can compare it to the strength of steel, but it is much lighter – almost 45%. The strength-to-weight ratio of titanium is among the highest in its league.
Besides strength, small diameter titanium tubing is in demand for its corrosion resistance. It can withstand harsh operating conditions, chemicals, and salts without facing deformation.

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What are titanium finned tubes?

You will find these tubes most commonly in heat exchangers and condensers. A titanium finned tube uses fins to increase heat transfer by raising the contact area. Unlike regular tubing, it will facilitate heat exchange. However, it also lowers the protection accorded to the inner tube.
You can procure them in various designs, like titanium oval tubing, and get them customized to specific requirements. For example, you can use an L-shaped fin aligned to the inner tube. It will improve the efficiency of the heat exchange. The design ensures that the fins do not overlap.

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How long does a titanium seamless tube last?

Titanium tubing can last for a long time ranging from 20 to 40 years. The useful life depends on the maintenance and operating conditions. While standard tubing lasts closer to 20 years, titanium can last 40 years without getting damaged. The long service life stems from the corrosion resistance of the material. It forms a protective oxide layer upon exposure to water, chemicals, salts, etc., which keeps the remaining metal from facing damage.
Pure titanium (99.2%) tends to last longer, although it can be tough to process. Most commercial grades of a titanium alloy tube can exhibit a long service life lasting over 20 years.

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Can titanium square tubing rust in water?

No, titanium is highly resistant to rusting because it forms a protective oxide layer on its surface. It can withstand attack from water, chemicals, salt, acids, and many gases. When a titanium welded tube gets exposed to water, it forms an active bond with oxygen. The oxide barrier develops quickly after exposure to the corrosive agent and protects the metal from damage.
Prolonged exposure and time will eventually corrode the metal, but it will take a long time. The corrosive process is so slow that titanium tubes don’t need an extra coating. However, the material can rush in a vacuum as oxygen will be unavailable.

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Is thin wall titanium tubing good for exhaust?

Yes, titanium is a sensible choice for exhaust systems due to its corrosion resistance. Titanium exhaust tubing can handle exposure to reducing chemicals and water without damage. The metal displays admirable resistance to heat damage. Thus, it customarily gets employed in exhausts, aircraft parts, and marine applications.
It is vital to consider that thin wall titanium tubing is usually louder. You can manage this by picking the appropriate packing material. Mufflers or silencers can help you here. Other heat-based applications like heat exchangers utilize titanium coil tubing for its advanced thermal profile.

What is the cost of titanium tube price per kg in US $?

Titanium is an expensive material because of its rarity. It can be tricky to process, which also ups its cost. It costs around $235 for 1-4 units of a 100mm tube. Roughly, it amounts to $27 per kg.
The price varies depending on the manufacturer, customized requirements, and properties, for example, titanium square tubing. Suppliers price the material differently based on the processing and composition, wherein titanium alloys have variable costs.
Titanium displays brilliant chemical properties that improve the performance of the application. It makes 2 inch titanium tubing a cost-effective choice in the long run.

For what are titanium condenser tubes used?

Condenser tubes are integral parts of heat-based applications. They work to condense the process fluid in different applications, like chillers and surface condensers. Titanium condenser tubes get preferred for the excellent thermal properties of the material. It can transfer heat very well, ensuring that the system is efficient and offers reliable performance.
The corrosion resistance of the material also comes in handy. Heat-based applications often encounter harsh agents, and titanium tubing can withstand them without undergoing deformation. The lightness of the material is also an attractive property for many installations.

Test methods for welded & seamless titanium alloy tube

Titanium tubes use various forms of testing for quality assurance. Manufacturers use non-destructive tests to ascertain that the 2.5 titanium exhaust tubing adheres to the desired specification. A pneumatic technique is called the air differential method. It uses an internal pressure of around 10 bars to identify leaks. However, it fails at diagnosing geometric or welding defects.
Other popular tests include Eddy Current and Ultrasonic inspection. The former uses electromagnetic induction to identify flaws and cracks. It is a precise technique that can find minute flaws beneath the surface. An ultrasonic inspection works to identify huge problems like displaced edges in titanium rectangular tubing. The best approach is to combine these tests for a complete analysis.